Yes. Yes it could.
It wasn't until our 4th summer in our home that I really made a dedicated effort to eradicate the weed,* and by that time it had made awesome headway.
|Glossy green leaves, purplish-pink small flowers.|
The root clumps are huge and rambling. You need to dig underneath them and then carefully reach down and work them out of the soil, pulling gently but firmly on trailing roots as you go. It's quite satisfying once you get one of the big main root clumps out, but truly a painstaking task to get there.
This is the plant as it's first coming through the soil:
Straight, young shoots with tightly closed deep green leaves. It is distinctive and easy to spot. Try to dig these out as soon as you see them. The larger they get the more difficult the task. And once they really start growing they move into flower and seed production quickly. Quick tip: If you find a patch of dog strangling vine that is flowering, or about to, but you don't have time to dig it out right away, quickly rip out or cut the plants below the flowers and dispose. At least you will avoid seed production and distribution. I have done this in desperation a few times, just grabbing and pulling randomly. It will slow down the take-over if nothing else.
And while we are on the topic of disposal, this weed is so invasive and difficult, the City of Toronto does not accept it in either yard waste or green bin disposal streams. It must be sealed in plastic bags and put out as garbage. Ouch. Check with your municipality for proper local disposal guidelines.
There don't seem to be any natural enemies of DSV here, although there are bugs that feed on it and keep it in check in its native Eurasia. Chemical treatment does work, particularly Round-Up, when applied at flowering. Check local regulations on household usage of herbicides.
You can find more information on Dog Strangling Vine and other invasive plant species at Toronto Urban Forestry. A nuisance in the home garden, these invasive species can wreak havoc with local ecosystems and cause major difficulties for farmers. Every effort we can take to combat these problem plants can have much wider benefits beyond our own back yards.
*I had pulled/dug some over the years, but our first summer we were just moving in, and busy inside. Then I was pregnant and exhausted. And the third summer I had a high needs infant that wouldn't let me out of his sight.